Cold War dominated international system for almost 45 years, which had extended importance influencing nature and scope of political and military conflicts that happened during that period. Cold War not only was bipolarity but also in global scope it affected the relationship with foreign societies. Capitalists and communists rivalries inspired political movement revolutionary which offered foreign aid. During cold war there were promises of justice and freedom that dominated with Cold War delegitimizing realities on repression and dependence which was experienced my many societies (Gorrara, 2003, p. 24).
Leaders of postcolonial imported revolutionary rhetoric that met expectations of citizens of postcolonial. Citizen lived under British imperialism that was believed to be responsive to national government. This was reinforced by Soviet Union and United States during Cold War. Western ideologies of dominance emerged during colonialism and early Cold War period which primarily established communism. There was historical experience among the Western Europe and North America this was grounded mostly on the culture of Cold War North America. There was construction and reconstruction of nation-state and national identities which incorporated former colonies (Gorrara, 2003, p. 27).
Decolonization and universality of nation-state and Cold War gave important backdrop for rise and elaboration of modernization theory and closely associated theories resulting to political development and nation building. All these were centered on the involvement of US in formation of stable anti-communist national political systems. Cold War was confrontation between two ideologies capitalism and communism. It didn’t end with suffering of Soviet empire and economic collapse and military defeat but this occurred in the wake of inner surrender of Soviet Union and East European Communist nations to the superior liberal capitalism and western democracy. Expansion of Soviet Union’s threatened not only Europe but other developed nations. Both United States of America and Soviet Union established a large arsenal of atomic weapons and ballistic missiles (Gorrara, 2003, p. 35).
There was formation of military blocs NATO and Warsaw Pact. Cold War during this decade resulted in conflicts such as Korean War and Vietnam War. Soviet collapsed as a result of economic weakness. There was demolition of Berlin Wall leading to unification of German nations. Warsaw Pact that was established during the war also disintegrated due to disagreement among the nations. Baltic State and some former Soviet republics achieved their independence. Due to the fight American become the sole superpower of the world with communism collapsing worldwide. This led to capitalism being the leading ideology among the nations. Cold war indeed took a heavy economic toll worldwide. By 1945 there was end of alliance between United States and Soviet Unions and Britain which cause rivalry among the communist and capitalist societies. This was known as Cold War because it didn’t lead to armed or hot conflicts. United States experienced economic phenomenal economic growth (Gorrara, 2003, p. 40).
The policy which was formulated during Col War got rid of censorship allowing citizens of Soviet speaking openly their society problems. United States thought of another effective means contained spread of communism. Cold War resulted in long and tedious struggle for power. This led to nuclear advancement that has effect even in today’s modern warfare. Many people around the world do support nuclear weapons as a means of rebuilding nation. Some do oppose nuclear weapons (Gorrara, 2003, p. 57).
In conclusion, Cold War was a period of hostility and tension between United States of America and Soviet Unions. It was indirect war which involved struggle among the common ideologies of communism and capitalism which ended up with capitalism over powering communism. There were many effects that accompanied Cold War in the Western society and decolonization process in the year between 1950’s and 1960s.
List of References
Gorrara, C. (2003), the roman noir in post-war French culture, Oxford University Press