Catch 22 Essay, Research Paper
Within the genre of anti-war novels, none is surpassed byJohnny Got His Gun. This World War I novel utilizations blunt pragmatism toshock and literally convey the reader to consciousness about theconsequences of war. On a lighter side, The Good Soldier Schweikwarmed the cockle of the bosom of the reader with it & # 8217 ; s misanthropic, but amusing, mentality on the inconsequence of war. Then came Catch 22. In a universe gone huffy, the lunacy of war is something we eitherlaugh about, call about, or articulation in the lunacy. Joseph Hellerbegan work on Catch 22 shortly after go forthing the Air Force, in1953, and it was later published in 1961. & # 8220 ; Rooted inWorld War II but developed during its wake, Catch-22 waspublished somewhat in progress of a parallel and equallylong-germinating American scenario: the novel & # 8217 ; s first andgreatest subsequence was to be the war in Vietnam & # 8221 ; ( Hoberman 9 ) . Though comically delighting, the book is an sharp commentary ofthe times. The usage of sarcasm involves the reader in aconfrontation with world, the constructs of world and thereasons that world exists. & # 8220 ; The universe of Heller & # 8217 ; s fiction isan spookily insane one & # 8211 ; possibly an spookily sane one & # 8211 ; filled withpreposterous characters mired in hideous fortunes. Butlong before ( the ) novel & # 8217 ; s terminal, the reader recognizes theconnections between Heller & # 8217 ; s evident absurdness and the mark ofhis sarcasm & # 8221 ; ( Reilly 507 ) . The topic of decease permeates the text of Catch 22. Notonly decease of the organic structure, but decease of ground and of the ability tocommunicate or to trust on world. The parlance, & # 8216 ; Catch-22 & # 8242 ; hasbeen added to the American slang and as a new word in thedictionary: & # 8220 ; a hard state of affairs or job whose seeminglyalternative solutions are logically invalid & # 8221 ; ( Hoberman 9 ) . Byinvalidating the solutions, the job dies, as does the logicand ground that most people base their lives on. When lifeceases to do sense, does life itself continue? In many scenesthe thought of decease is taken to the following degree & # 8211 ; where one wondersif decease hasn & # 8217 ; t already occurred and it & # 8217 ; s now the Afterlife. That, at least, would let ground to be accountable to logic. There are minutes in Yossarian & # 8217 ; s life at war that can merely bedescribed as & # 8216 ; other worldly & # 8217 ; . In many cases, the characteris released from world by the premise that he is non at that place. The Army respects Doc Daneeka & # 8217 ; s name looking on the pilot & # 8217 ; smanifest as more existent than his physical presence: & # 8220 ; `You & # 8217 ; re dead, sir, & # 8217 ; one of his two enlisted work forces explained & # 8230 ; You & # 8217 ; ve probablybeen dead all this clip and we merely didn & # 8217 ; t observe it & # 8230 ; Therecords show that you went up in McWatt & # 8217 ; s plane to roll up someflight clip. You didn & # 8217 ; t come down in a parachute, so you musthave been killed in the clang & # 8221 ; ( Heller 40 ) . In the instance of the & # 8217 ; soldier in white & # 8217 ; , it is merely the opposite & # 8211 ; he is non dead aslong as no-one confirms his decease: & # 8221 ; & # 8230 ; if she had non read thethermometer and reported what she had found, the soldier in whitemight still be lying at that place alive & # 8230 ; & # 8221 ; ( Heller 171 ) . Entire neglect for the person, as though he were deadin the context of being able to pass on, is shown in thefollowing transition: & # 8220 ; `I don & # 8217 ; t want any particular dishes. I wantexactly what you serve all the other officers & # 8230 ; Is that clear? & # 8217 ; `Yes, sir, & # 8217 ; said Milo. `That & # 8217 ; s really clear. I & # 8217 ; ve got some liveMaine lobsters hidden off that I can function you tonight with anexcellent Roquefort salad and two frozen eclairs & # 8230 ; Will that dofor a start? & # 8217 ; `No. & # 8217 ; `Yes, sir. I understand. & # 8217 ; For dinner thatnight Milo served him broiled lobster with first-class Roquefortsalad and two frozen eclairs & # 8221 ; ( Heller 103 ) . In the nextscenario, neglect of the person is combined with disregardfor a life endangering state of affairs: & # 8220 ; `Aarfy, assist me, & # 8217 ; he pleadedalmost crying. `I & # 8217 ; m hit! I & # 8217 ; m hit! & # 8217 ; Aarfy turned easy with ablind, mocking smile. `What? & # 8217 ; `I & # 8217 ; m hit, Aarfy! Help me! & # 8217 ; Aarfy grinned once more and shrugged affably. `I can & # 8217 ; t hear you, & # 8217 ; hesaid. `Can & # 8217 ; t you hear me? & # 8217 ; Yossarian cried unbelievingly, andhe pointed to the intensifying pool of blood & # 8230 ; `I & # 8217 ; m wounded! Aid
me, for God & # 8217 ; s sake! Aarfy, assist me! & # 8217 ; `I still can & # 8217 ; t hear you, & # 8217 ; A
arfy complained tolerantly… `What did you state? ”‘ ( Heller 297 ) . In one case, it is a denial of decease itself: “`Aarfy, are youinsane? ’ Yossarian was about dumb. `You killed a miss. They’re traveling to set you in gaol! ’ `Oh, no, ’ Aarfy answered witha forced smiling. `Not me. They aren’t traveling to set good oldAarfy in gaol. Not for killing her.’ `But you threw her out thewindow. She’s lying at that place dead in the street.’ `She has noright to be at that place, ’ Aarfy answered. `It’s after curfew”‘ ( Heller427-428 ) . Aarfy has successfully denied the being of deathby denying duty for the effects of his ownactions. Re-defining world ( in modern ‘psych speak’ : ”re-framing” ) disallows decease and perpetuates the decease ofreality. Throughout the book, the reader is confronted with “a worldin which generals cheerfully send work forces to be slaughtered, officerslie and steal, whores become heroines, and, … characters killedoff in early transitions pop up noisily in ulterior chapters ; dead menlive on in empty collapsible shelters ; populating work forces are “disappeared.” Somecharacters get rich merchandising chocolate-covered cotton ; othersvault 100s of stat mis in evident seconds” ( Reilly 507 ) . World either dies, or is re-cast into a different dimension ; which, in itself, is a decease of the first construct of world. Yossarian had been diagnosed as enduring a “persecutioncomplex” because he told an Air Force head-shrinker that peoplewere seeking to kill him. By acknowledging that there was a reasonfor the persecution composite, the diagnosing is no lone wolf valid. The construct of “the enemy” becomes blurred between the one ‘outthere’ with a gun, ready to stop the physical being and the onewho is in control who, by withdrawing all the constituents of aprevious world has caused the decease of what once was. When confronted by a war with decease, either literally orsymbolically as in the decease of logic and ground, it remains toeach person to find who the enemy is. Often, there is avalid opposition who is trying to do the physical decease ofthe person. In many cases it is “the system’ such as themilitary, that defines and controls all facets of theindividual’s life – doing an initial decease of individuality. In asociety ruled by Numberss this is encountered every twenty-four hours and inalmost every facet of life. To the commercial universe, clients are account Numberss and sums added and subtracted ona ledger. In the armed forces, the single loses his or heridentity within the first minutes after fall ining – the veryconcept of an person is the antithesis of a ‘war machine’ . “The military is the individual naming in the universe with occupation specsthat include a committedness to decease for your state. … Themilitary has ever combined the finest qualities of society withthe really worst of authorities. On the one manus, it brings outloyalty, courage, ingeniousness and even mastermind. Unfortunately, this goes manus in manus with a besoting bureaucratism, and alwayshas. All authorities bureaucratisms thrive on ruddy tape and thecover-your-ass syndrome, but the armed forces has traditionally beenat the cutting border of each. … novels from The Good SoldierSchweik to Catch 22 brightly illustrate the worst facets ofthe military mentality” ( Amiel 8 ) . It is easy to see themilitary as being the ‘enemy’ . The bottom line in any treatment that would include theconcept of “enemy” nevertheless, has to include the thought of personalresponsibility. The person is responsible for all facets oftheir life. If they choose to specify the enemy as the armed forces, it must be considered how it was they came to be in the military. All behaviours are a procedure of pick and action. In this sense, the person is non merely their “own worst enemy” but besides theonly enemy. ( Besides the lone beginning of salvation, if balance isimportant ) .
Amiel, Barbara. & # 8220 ; Whatever Happened To Military Honor? & # 8221 ; Maclean & # 8217 ; s, ( 1996 ) : September, pp. 8 ( 1 ) . Heller, Joseph. Catch 22. ( New York, NY: Dell, 1970 ) . Hoberman, J. & # 8220 ; Merely One Catch. & # 8221 ; Artforum, ( 1994 ) : October, pp. 9 ( 2 ) . Reilly, Charlie. & # 8220 ; An Interview With Joseph Heller. & # 8221 ; Contemporary Literature, ( 1998 ) : December, pp. 507 ( 10 ) .